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Demographics of Guatemala

The total population of Guatemala is 17,245,346 people. People in Guatemala speak the Spanish language. The linguistic diversity of Guatemala is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Guatemala is 0.4586. The median age is approximately 21 years. Life expectancy in Guatemala is 72. The female fertility rate in Guatemala is 3.1. Around 19% of the population of Guatemala are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Guatemala is 0.5122. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Guatemala see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Guatemala, the population density is 145 people per square kilometer (377 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Guatemala is 17,245,346 people. Guatemala has approximately 72,764 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Guatemala represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Guatemala represent 0.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Guatemala is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Guatemala is 0.5122. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Guatemala. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Guatemala on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 21 years. The median age for men is 20.4, while the median age for women is 21.7.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.04; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.94; sex ratio over 64 - 0.86; total sex ratio - 0.97. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Guatemala is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 95.2% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are some followers of folk religions in Guatemala. The religious diversity of Guatemala is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Guatemala. The index of religious fractionalization in Guatemala is 0.3753. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.

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