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Astm E562 Pdf Free 15


ASTM E562 PDF Free 15 - A Guide to the Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count




ASTM E562 is a standard test method that describes a systematic manual point counting procedure for statistically estimating the volume fraction of an identifiable constituent or phase from sections through the microstructure by means of a point grid. The test method can be used to determine the volume fraction of constituents in an opaque specimen using a polished, planar cross section. The test method can also be applied to transparent specimens with proper illumination and contrast enhancement.




astm e562 pdf free 15


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The test method is useful for characterizing the microstructure of materials, such as metals, alloys, ceramics, composites, and polymers, that have heterogeneous or multiphase microstructures. The test method can provide information about the size, shape, distribution, and orientation of the constituents or phases in the microstructure. The test method can also be used to evaluate the effects of processing, heat treatment, deformation, or service conditions on the microstructure of materials.


The test method is based on the principle of stereology, which is the methods developed to obtain information about the three-dimensional characteristics of microstructures based on measurements made on two-dimensional sections through a solid material or their projection on a surface. The test method assumes that the microstructure is isotropic and homogeneous in three dimensions, and that the section plane is random and unbiased. The test method also assumes that the point grid is sufficiently fine and dense to capture the features of interest in the microstructure.


How to Perform ASTM E562 Test Method




The ASTM E562 test method involves the following steps:



  • Prepare a representative specimen of the material to be analyzed. The specimen should have a smooth and flat surface that is free of scratches, pits, cracks, or other defects that may interfere with the observation of the microstructure. The specimen should also be properly etched or stained to reveal the boundaries of the constituents or phases in the microstructure.



  • Select a suitable magnification and field of view for observing the microstructure. The magnification should be high enough to resolve the smallest features of interest in the microstructure, but low enough to cover a reasonable area of the specimen. The field of view should be large enough to contain at least 100 grid points.



  • Place a transparent sheet or eyepiece reticle with a regular pattern of lines or crosses over the microstructural image. The sheet or reticle should have a known number of grid points (P) and a known area (A). The grid points should be uniformly spaced and randomly distributed over the sheet or reticle.



  • Count the number of grid points (n) that fall within the constituent or phase of interest, or on its boundary. For each grid point on the boundary, count one half a point. Record the point count (n) for each field of view.



  • Repeat steps 3 and 4 for at least 10 different fields of view on the specimen. The fields of view should be randomly selected and non-overlapping. Record the total point count (N) for all fields of view.



  • Calculate the point fraction (f) as the ratio of the total point count (N) to the total number of grid points (P). Multiply the point fraction (f) by 100 to express it as a percentage.



  • Calculate the volume fraction (V) as the ratio of the point fraction (f) to the area fraction (a), where a is equal to A/P. Multiply the volume fraction (V) by 100 to express it as a percentage.



  • Report the volume fraction (V) as the mean value and standard deviation of at least 10 measurements. Indicate the magnification, grid type, grid size, etchant or stain, and any other relevant information.




Where to Find ASTM E562 PDF Free 15




If you are interested in learning more about ASTM E562 test method, you can download a free PDF copy of ASTM E562-19 from [this link]. This is an official document from ASTM International that provides detailed instructions and examples on how to perform ASTM E562 test method. You can also find other related standards and publications from ASTM International on their [website].


If you want to practice ASTM E562 test method on some sample images, you can download a free PDF copy of ASTM E562-11 from [this link]. This is an older version of ASTM E562 test method that contains some sample images and data for different materials and microstructures. You can use these images and data to practice the point counting procedure and calculate the volume fraction of the constituents or phases in the microstructure.


I hope you found this article helpful and informative. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact me. Thank you for reading.


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